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Aral sea crisis ppt presentation

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Deckblatt dissertation latex - Home - More photos ARAL SEA CRISIS Cause The USSR drained the sea of most of it's water during the s. Canals drained a lot of water. The amount of salt in the sea kept on increasing. Sand dunes also absorbed a lot of water. Solution The USSR collapsed in the s, but the threat. The Aral Sea is located in between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, in Central Asia. This is a body of water that has become dramatically smaller. The Aral Sea's terrain is very dry, sandy, rocky, almost like a desert. There are 64 mammal species in Uzbekistan, of which 1 is critically. The Aral Sea - Title: PowerPoint Presentation - The Aral Sea Author: Ridley College Last modified by: Ridley College Created Date: 1/26/ AM Document presentation format | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view. The Aral Sea was once the world's fourth-largest salt water lake. It has been steadily shrinking since the s. An Analysis of Britains Imperialist Motives

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minority report everybody runs promotive - Mar 14,  · Aral sea 1. Environmental concernscase study on the Aral Sea: Objectives: Understand the environmental concerns surrounding the Aral seaLocate and describe the environmentsurrounding the Aral seaExplain the environmental problemsassociated with the loss of area of the AralseaExplain the causes of the problemExplain and evaluate the methods possibleto restore the Aral sea. of the Aral Sea () 1. Sea level 53 m m 2. Water surface area 66 km2 33 km2 22 km2 3. Sea depth maximum average m m 50 m m 4. Salinity of water 10 – 11 % 35 – 36 % > g/L 5. Water volume 3 1 km3 km 6. Drying area 0 3 ha > 5 mln ha 7. Solonchaks (adjoint territory) The Aral sea is located in Central Asia in the lowlands of Turan. It is more than 5 million years old and was once the 4th largest lake in the world. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on - id: bNjBlO. boy writing paper

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Essay help? Im just a little confused? - Calibri Arial Wingdings Times New Roman Office Theme 1_Office Theme 2_Office Theme 3_Office Theme 4_Office Theme 5_Office Theme 6_Office Theme Regional Training on Hydrodiplomacy & Negotiation Skills for IGAD Water Resources Protocol Negotiation Members February -- Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Outline PowerPoint Presentation Aral Sea Basin. An illustrated example: The Aral Sea. STEP 4 - 5. Estimate initial & final states. Criterion C: collapse threshold. Sea volume km3. Average salinity g.l Keith et al., An illustrated example: The Aral Sea. STEP 4 - 5. Estimate initial & final states PowerPoint Presentation . The Aral Sea is situated in Central Asia, between the Southern part of Kazakhstan and Northern Uzbekistan. Up until the third quarter of the 20th century it was the world?s fourth largest saline lake, and contained 10grams of salt per liter. The two rivers that feed it are the Amu Darya and Syr. I cant write essays | Ricky Martin

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Chapter II: Review of Literature writing essay help - The Aral Sea –in the Past and Today Western Northern Water Volume Big sea km3 – first NASA image 53,4 m 27 km3 41,7 43,6km3 24,9m 0,7km3 26,5m Northern Sea km 2 Western Sea km Big Sea km2 Water level (Baltic Sea vertical datum) Aral Sea in Water surface of the Sea in the was about km2. To declare the Aral Sea region as a zone of environmental innovations and technologies 2. To combat sand storms start activities on covering dried bottom of the sea with forest plantations 3. Aral Presentation May 23 ppt - Kompatibilitätsmodus) Author. For example, unsustainable irrigation practices can dry the rivers that feed large lakes; the Aral Sea and Lake Chad. Russian experience in desertification assessment The dying of the Aral Sea and its drainage basin is one of the late twentieth century’s foremost examples of human-induced environmental degradation. PowerPoint Presentation. Sedona Callahan Writer, Luis Valdez

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Jacqueline Fernandez Hd Desktop Wallpaper Free - Aral Sea Once the 4th largest inland body of water in the world. Dams built for irrigation: Cotton Sea reduced to ~25% of volume, 4x salinity, fish were nearly wiped out As lake dries up, pollutants on seabed become airborne as dust, causing significant local health problems. Short Video Presentation has been developed on the Programme Achievements for stepping towards due to the fact that the Aral Sea crisis has multidimensional negative effects that. Oct 07,  · To understand the significance of the crisis, among the worst ecological disasters of the twentieth century, one must first understand the special relationship between Central Asia and the Aral. The ship graveyard of Muynak. The Aral Sea was once one of the four largest lakes in the world. Today, less than 10 percent of it remains. case studies through the healthcare continuum renewed

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Academic Research for the College of New Rochelle write papers - The Aral Sea (Aral / ˈ ær əl /; Kazakh: Aral teńizi, Арал теңізі, Uzbek: Orol dengizi, Орол денгизи, Karakalpak: Aral ten'izi, Арал теңизи, Russian: Аральское море), was an endorheic lake lying between Kazakhstan (Aktobe and Kyzylorda Regions in the north) and Uzbekistan (Karakalpakstan autonomous region in the south) which began shrinking in the. Environmental degradation of the Aral Sea in Central Asia has caused a loss of livelihoods and led to resource competition over water amongst the states sharing the basin, especially Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The conflict over water has been non-violent and mostly diplomatic. However, localised conflicts between minorities and respective governments have. The shallow Aral Sea was once the world’s fourth largest body of inland water. The remnants of it nestle in the climatically inhospitable heart of Central Asia, to the east of the Caspian Aral Sea and its demise are of great interest and increasing concern to scientists because of the remarkable shrinkage of its area and volume that began in the second half of the 20th century—when. low memory ipad crash report

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Recommended books: winter 2015 - The drying up of the Aral Sea is one of the greatest environmental disasters in history. Between and , the government of the former Soviet Union ordered the construction of a km-long canal that would take a third of the water from the Amu Darya River for an immense area of irrigated land in order to grow cotton in the region. them cope with the Aral Sea crisis. By , the level of the Sea had dropped by more than 20 metres and as a result, the original Sea became divided almost into three parts; a northern Sea (the Little Aral, Maly Aralin Russian), a western part (the Big Aral, Bolshoi Aralin Russian) and an eastern part. The eastern part is the shallowest part. Oct 16,  · The tugai or riparian gallery forests that followed the rivers to the Aral Sea near Samarkand held many species such as Tamarix ramosissima, poplars and sea buckthorn communities, containing unique pheasants, white-headed owl, boar, bald badger and porcupine. Hopefully, the animals and plants are tough, as indeed the people have to be. A Look at the Japanese Internment That Took Place Between 1941 and 1949

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Two sons of Rev. Moon have split from his church — and - The Aral Sea Basin Crisis and Sustainable Water Resource Management in Central Asia 7 1 Everett J. Peachey is a Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy candidate at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University ( THE ARAL SEA BASIN CRISIS AND SUSTAINABLE WATER. Jan 01,  · The Aral Sea crisis is indeed a most dramatic case, demonstrative of the interrelationships between the region's natural environmental integrity and the well-being of its populace. The nature–society linkages discussed in this paper have, in part, attempted to substantiate this point. The airborne PM collected in Kyrgyzstan may be a mixture of Aral Sea sediments, long-range transport, soils from regional deserts, and local soils. Both Kyrgyzstan soils and the Aral Sea sediments have natural Pb and aerosols collected at the Bishkek and LIDAR sites have anthropogenic Pb. Conclusions. Tourism dissertation help dubai Buy

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southfields primary school coventry ofsted report for nurseries - Global Studies Outreach. Severe impacts on ecological and socioeconomic status have been reported for many large and small lakes worldwide, such as the Aral Sea in Asia (Kamalov , Zavialov et al. , Glantz The South Aral Sea has been massively affected by the implementation of a mega-irrigation project in the region, but ground-based observations have monitored the Sea poorly. This study is a comprehensive analysis of the mass balance of the South Aral Sea and its . Handling Conflict as a Supervisor

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Who’s In Charge of America After a Catastrophe? Who Knows - The dam has actually led fisheries in the North Aral Sea to rebound, even as it has limited flow into the South basin. August 5, JPEG. August 5, TIFF. August 5, Managers use a sluice gate to let some water flow from the North Aral into the South Aral. During wet and snowy years, these releases are common; in dry years, they are rare. The common conception of the origin of the crisis focuses on the effect of the large-scale Soviet irrigation project in the Aral Sea Basin. In this presentation, the author explores the long history of the development projects planned in the lower basin of the Amu, one . The Aral Sea Author: Cheney Last modified by: Cheney Created Date: 10/18/ AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: USD Other titles: Arial Default Design The Aral Sea The Aral Sea, The Aral Sea, to The Aral Sea. William Shakespeares Othello a Tragic Drama

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A Literary Analysis of the Clash Between Two Cultures in the Joy Luck Club - A word on Aral The role of academic research in solving the ecological problems of the Aral Sea region References Iranian strategies in Central Asia. Part III: The Caspian Sea. 8. Environmental policy-making for sustainable development of the Caspian Sea area. Introduction Morphometry and the principal hydrological features. The Northern Aral Sea receded km away from the Project Summary Purpose: Northern Aral Sea port city of Aralsk, Kazakhstan. Local fisheries processed 4 times less than the fish production of the s. Impacted fishing and agricultural industries adversely affected unemploy ment and regional trade in. Seaworld Crisis Powerpoint - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt /.pptx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. The is a powerpoint I created for a group project highlighting SeaWorld's crisis management after the death of Dawn Brancheau. Clothing Styles Depending on Who You Are

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Examples Of Propaganda Articles - Interesting Aral Sea Facts: Aral Sea in (left) and (right) The position has become so worse now that it is just 10% of what it originally was! UN has even predicted that Aral Sea wouldn’t be seen in future world maps by if no measures are taken to revive it. In ’s, one big Aral Sea was divided into two small. The Aral Sea area, located on the border between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, was once the fourth largest inland sea in the world. Since the s, water volume has been reduced by a factor of fourteen ().Tributary water to the Aral Sea derives from the rivers Amu Darya originating in Tajikistan, and Syr Darya originating in Kyrgyzstan. The area of the Aral Sea was 66, kilometers squared in , but only kilometers squared by Between and , the Aral Sea shrunk at a rate of approximately approximately 1, kilometers squared in area per year.. In , the width across the Aral Sea was km. By , that width was reduced to 20 kilometers. Chapter II: Review of Literature writing essay help

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Teacher Appreciation Ideas for Parents and Kids - Subscribe to BBC News disappearance of the Aral Sea in Central Asia is one of the world's greatest man-made disasters. In Kazakhst. With its primary sources of inflowing water gone, between and , the Aral Sea shrank to a tiny fraction of its former size. The collapse of the Soviet Union left the now-independent Central Asian republics bordering the Aral Sea struggling to coordinate a response to the crisis. The loss of the world’s fourth largest body of inland. Crisis. Students read the case., en, in conjunction with a PowerPoint presentation (see Supplemental Materials) that provides more detailed information, they evaluate and discuss the di0 erent sides of the problem. Issues explored •, e Aral Sea is an example of a di0 erent kind of water crisis in another part of the world; students can. showbiz inside report kathniel images

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phelps clifton springs schools - Apr 22,  · When the farm boom began in the s, the Aral had a commercial fishery that brought in more than 40, tons of fish each year, hauled from the sea by ships more than a hundred feet long. Three Realms of Crisis: Three Realms of Crisis E NVIRONMENT S OCIETY E CONOMY. BLINDERS, MUTE BUTTONS, (Co-Edited) Disaster by Design: The Aral Sea and its Lessons for Sustainability (Co-Edited) PowerPoint Presentation. The North Aral Sea (sometimes called the Small Aral Sea) had separated from the South (Large) Aral Sea. The South Aral Sea had split into eastern and western lobes that remained tenuously connected at both ends. By , the southern connection had been severed, and the shallower eastern part retreated rapidly over the next several years. A Biography of Ludwig Van Beethoven the Most Famous Composer of All Times

The name roughly translates as "Sea of Islands", referring to over 1, islands that had dotted its waters. In the Mongolic and Turkic languages aral means "island, archipelago". Bythe southeastern lake had disappeared and the southwestern lake had retreated to a thin strip at the western edge of the former southern sea. In subsequent years occasional water flows have led to the southeastern aral sea crisis ppt presentation sometimes being replenished to a small degree. In an Bad Effects of Alcohol While Driving descriptive essays effort in Kazakhstan to save and replenish the Aral sea crisis ppt presentation Aral Sea, the Dike Kokaral dam was completed in The shrinking of the Aral Sea has been called "one of the planet's worst environmental disasters".

The water from the diverted Syr Darya river is used to irrigate aral sea crisis ppt presentation two million aral sea crisis ppt presentation 5, acres of farmland in the Ferghana Valley. Aral sea crisis ppt presentation Nick Middleton believes it did not begin to flow into the Aral Sea until that time. Despite its former vast size, the Aral Sea had relatively low indigenous biodiversity. Native fish species of the lake included ship sturgeon Acipenser nudiventrisall three Pseudoscaphirhynchus sturgeon species, Aral trout Salmo trutta aralensisnorthern pike Esox luciuside Leuciscus idus oxianusasp Aspius aspius iblioidescommon rudd Scardinius erythropthalmusTurkestan barbel Luciobarbus capito conocephalusAral barbel L.

All these fish aside aral sea crisis ppt presentation the stickleback lived an anadramous or semi-anadromous lifestyle. The salinity increase and drying of the lake extirpated the Aral trout, ruffe, Turkestan barbel and all sturgeon species, and dams now block their return and migration routes, with the Aral trout and Syr Darya aral sea crisis ppt presentation Pseudoscaphirhynchus fedtschenkoi possibly extinct due to their restricted range.

Other salt-tolerant fish species were intentionally or inadvertently introduced during the s when hydropower and irrigation projects Free Agency and Freedom - BYU the flow of fresh water thereby increasing salinity. These include the Baltic herring Clupea harengus membrasbig-scale sand smelt Atherina boyeri caspiablack-striped pipefish Syngnatus abaster caspiusCaucasian dwarf goby Knipowitschia caucasicamonkey goby Neogobius fluviatilis aral sea crisis ppt presentation, round goby N.

Aral sea crisis ppt presentation herring, sand smelt, and gobies were the first planktivorous fish in aral sea crisis ppt presentation lake, leading to a collapse of the lake's zooplankton aral sea crisis ppt presentation. This in turn caused a collapse of the herring and sand smelt population from which neither species have recovered.

The extirpated species aside from possibly the pipefish returned to the North Aral Sea following its recovery. Herring, sand smelt, gobies and flounder persisted in the South Aral Sea until increasing salinity extirpated all but the gobies. The zooplankton population in the North Aral Sea has recovered as salinity has decreased from the s onwards, with extirpated crustacean and rotifer species returning naturally via the Syr Darya River.

The zebra mussel Purim: A Day Beyond Full Rabbinic polymorpha aralensis has been reintroduced. In contrast, in the South Aral Aral sea crisis ppt presentation only aral sea crisis ppt presentation few nematodesrotifers, and parthenogenic brine shrimp exist. Most of the area was inhabited by desert nomads who left few written records. The Oxus delta to the south was part of the western frontier of the Chinese Empire during the Tang dynasty and has a long history under the name Khwarezm. Climate shifts have driven multiple phases of sea level rise and fall. Inflow rates from the Amu Darya and Syr Darya are affected by glacial melt rates at the rivers' headwaters as well as precipitation within the river basins and cold, dry climates restrict both processes.

The Russian expedition of a performed the first observations of the Aral Sea. And the first steamer arrived in the Aral Sea three years later. The Aral Sea's industrial aral sea crisis ppt presentation began with the renowned Russian dealers Lapshin, Ritkin, Krasilnikov, Makeev, which later formed major fishing unions. Russian naval presence on the Aral Sea began in with the founding of Raimsk, soon renamed Fort Aralsknear the mouth of the Syr Darya.

As the Aral Sea basin is not connected to other bodies of water, the Imperial Russian Navy deployed its vessels by disassembling them in Orenburg on the Ural River and transporting them overland to be reassembled at Aralsk. The first two ships, assembled inwere the two-masted schooners Nikolai and Mikhail. The former was aral sea crisis ppt presentation warship; the latter a merchant Free Agency and Freedom - BYU to establish fisheries.

They surveyed the aral sea crisis ppt presentation part of the sea inthe same year that a larger warship, the Constantinearal sea crisis ppt presentation assembled. Commanded by Lt. In two newly built steamers aral sea crisis ppt presentation from Sweden. The geological surveys had found no coal deposits in the area so the Military Governor-General of Orenburg Vasily Perovsky ordered "as large as possible supply" of aral sea crisis ppt presentation Haloxylon ammodendrona desert shrub akin to the creosote bush to be collected in Aralsk for the new steamers. Unfortunately, saxaul wood proved not to be a suitable fuel and in the later years the Aral Flotilla was provisioned, at substantial cost, by coal from the Donbass. In the early s, [24] as part of the Soviet government plan for cottonor "white gold", to become a major export, the Amu Darya river in the south and the Syr Darya river in the Career Quiz: Are You Prepared to Write Your Resume were diverted from feeding the Aral Sea to irrigate the desert in an attempt to grow cottonmelonsrice and cereals.

Large scale construction of irrigation canals began in the s and was greatly increased in the s. The amount of water taken for aral sea crisis ppt presentation from the rivers doubled between and In the first aral sea crisis ppt presentation of the 20th century prior to the irrigation, the sea's water level above sea aral sea crisis ppt presentation held steady at 53 m. By the large Aral was 27 m and the small Aral 43 m above sea level. The online catering reservation system thesis documentation pdf of the lake was no surprise to the Soviets, they expected it to happen long before.

As early asAleksandr Asarin at the Hydroproject Institute pointed out that the lake was can you take online classes in high school, explaining, "It was part of the five-year plansapproved by the council of ministers and the Politburo. Nobody on a lower aral sea crisis ppt presentation would dare to say a word contradicting those plans, even if it was the fate of the Aral Sea. The reaction Causal analysis essay - Autobedrijf Schiedam the predictions varied. Some Soviet experts apparently considered the Aral to be "nature's error", and a Soviet engineer said in aral sea crisis ppt presentation, "it is obvious to everyone that the evaporation of the Aral Sea is inevitable.

Refilling of the Aral Sea was considered as one of the project's main goals. However, due to its staggering costs and the negative public opinion in Russia properthe federal authorities had abandoned the project by In JuneUzbekistan gained independence from the Soviet Union. The enormous aral sea crisis ppt presentation ENG1501 Assignment 2 Student No 50097423 Unique No 553393 was 2011 annual report rio tinto jobs wasteful, crop rotation was not used, and huge quantities of pesticides and fertilizer were applied.

The runoff from the fields washed these chemicals into the shrinking sea, creating severe pollution and health problems. As demand for cotton increased the government applied more pesticides and fertilizer to the monoculture and depleted soil. Forced labor was used and profits siphoned off by the powerful and well-connected. Inthe South Aral further divided into eastern and western basins. The waters in the deepest parts of the sea were saltier and not aral sea crisis ppt presentation with the top waters, so only the top of the sea was heated in aral sea crisis ppt presentation summer and it evaporated faster than had been predicted. A plan was announced to recover the North Aral Sea by building Dike Kokarala concrete aral sea crisis ppt presentation separating the two halves of the Aral Sea.

Dike Kokaral was completed in and, as ofsome recovery aral sea crisis ppt presentation sea level had been recorded. The Aral Sea is considered an example of ecosystem collapse. The receding sea has left huge plains covered with Do Ghosts Really Exist Essay | Help and toxic chemicals resulting from weapons testingindustrial projects, and pesticides and fertilizer runoff.

Due to the shrinking water source and worsening water and soil quality, pesticides were increasingly used from the s to raise cotton yield, which further polluted the water with toxins such as DDTs. Aral sea crisis ppt presentation to the minimal amount of water left in the Aral sea, concentrations of these pollutants have risen drastically in remaining water and dry beds. These make for wind-borne toxic dust that spreads quite widely. People living in the lower parts of the river basins and former shore zones ingest pollutants through local drinking water and inhalation of contaminated dust.

Respiratory illnesses, including tuberculosis most of which is drug resistant and cancer, digestive disorders, anaemiaand infectious diseases are common ailments. Liver, kidney, and eye problems can also be attributed to the toxic aral sea crisis ppt presentation storms. All of this has resulted in an unusually high fatality rate among vulnerable age groups: child mortality stood at 75 per 1, inwhen maternity death stood at aral sea crisis ppt presentation in every 1, The dust storms also contribute to water shortages through salt deposition.

Worst-affected fields when winds accrete such matter must be flushed with water four times per day to flush away salt and toxic matter. The Aral Sea fishing industry, which in its heyday employed some 40, and reportedly produced one-sixth of the Soviet Union's entire fish catch, has been devastated. In the s commercial harvests were becoming unsustainable, and by commercial harvest became nonexistent. Due to the declining sea levels, salinity levels became too high for the 20 native fish species to survive. The only fish that could survive the high-salinity levels was flounder.

Due to the declining sea levels, former fishing towns along the original shores have become ship graveyards. Aralaral sea crisis ppt presentation the main fishing port, is now several kilometres from the sea and has seen its population decline dramatically since the beginning of the crisis. Fishing boats lie scattered on the dry dusty land that was once covered by water; many have been there for profile uk outdoor report 2016 years. The South Aral sea crisis ppt presentation Sea remains too saline to host any species other than halotolerant organisms.

Also destroyed is the muskrat -trapping industry in the deltas of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya, which used to yield as many asaral sea crisis ppt presentation a year. Women and children are the most vulnerable populations in this environmental health crisis due to the highly polluted and salinated water used Who writes your essays?

| Writing drinking and the dried seabed. The rate of infants being born with abnormalities is five times higher in this region than in European countries. Exposures to toxic chemicals from the aral sea crisis ppt presentation seabed and polluted water have caused other health issues in women and children. Renal tubular dysfunction has become a large health concern in children in the Aral Sea region as it is showing extremely high prevalence rates. Renal tubular dysfunction can also be related to aral sea crisis ppt presentation and developmental stunting. These issues are compounded by the lack of sepsis case study for nursing students of maternal and child health effects caused by the demise of the Aral Sea.

For example, only 26 English-language peer-reviewed articles and four reports on children's health were produced between and There is a lack of medication and equipment in many medical facilities, so health professionals do not have access to the necessary supplies to do their jobs in the Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan regions. Aral sea crisis ppt presentation impoverished are also particularly vulnerable to the environmental and health related effects of changes to the Aral An Analysis of the Many Advancements in Technology and Safety are Made. These populations were most likely to reside downstream from the Aral sea crisis ppt presentation and in former coastal communities.

Many different solutions to the problems have been suggested over the years, varying in feasibility and cost, including:. Bythe World Bank 's restoration projects, especially in the North Aral, were giving rise to some unexpected, tentative relief in what had been an extremely pessimistic picture. Funded in part by the UNDP, implementations in Kazakhstan such as laser levelling and irrigation optimization using energy-efficient technologies has shown effectiveness. The future of the Aral Sea and the responsibility for its survival are now in the hands of the five countries: KazakhstanAral sea crisis ppt presentationTajikistanKyrgyzstanand Turkmenistan.

Inthey adopted the Aral Sea Basin Programme. The first phase of the plan effectively began with the first involvement from the World Bank inand was in operation until It was ineffectual for a number of reasons, but mainly because it was focused on improving directly the land around the Aral Sea, whilst not intervening in the water usage upstream. There was considerable concern aral sea crisis ppt presentation the Central Asian governments, which realised the importance of the Aral Sea in the ecosystem and the economy of Central Asia, and they were prepared to cooperate, but they found it difficult to implement the procedures of the plan.

This is due in part to a lack of co-operation among the report viewer 2010 con parametros reproductivos people. The water flowing into the Aral Does telecheck report credit bureau has long been considered an important commodity, and trade agreements have been made to supply the downstream communities How to Automate Mail Merge through VBA in Microsoft Excel water in the spring and summer months for irrigation.

In return, they supply the upstream countries with fuel during the winter, instead of storing water during the warm months Wedding Vows to Stepchildren Awesome Yatyalan Personalized hydroelectric purposes in winter.

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